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Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
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Guidance for Natural Gas Safety

1. Using Gas safely
(1)   Be aware of gas leakage.
(2)   Adhere to the safety principle "turn off gas whenever as leaving unattended".
a. Do not leave the gas appliances unattended when using gas.
b. Turn off gas when you go to bed.
c. For a prevention of gas incidents, Always close main gas valve when you leave for work , travel, or any time no need to use gas.
(3)   To avoid gas burns incompletely , ensure a good ventilation condition when using gas appliances.
a. When gas burns with sufficient air fluence, the flame is intense and stable. The flame is in blue or blue-violet . If not , the flame would be yellow,thus may causes a carbon monoxide poisoning.
b. When gas burns with excessive air fluence, the flame is short and flickering, that would easily be flame-out.
(4)   To prevent that boil-over and spills splash stove fire off when cooking soup or boiling water , do not make the pot too full with.
(5)   Once fail to ignite a gas appliance after a few many tries, Turn off gas knob for a while for gas be volatized. Then ignite again
(6)   Keep Gas appliances in a clean, good maintained, well-inspected periodically.

2. processes to manage a gas accident
(1)   What should you do and what should you don’t in case of gas leaking occurred?
a. Close all of the knobs of gas stoves, gas heaters, and the main gas valve of supply pipeline.
b. Open doors and windows in a gentle manner to evacuate gas via ventilation A crucial manner may cause collision or friction from the movement of door or window, that may hit a spark to ignite the leaked gas.
c. In case of gas leakage occurred, , do not turn on any electric equipments or devices such as light switches , exhaust fans, range hoods, etc., in such case, any electric spark may cause explosion.
d. To accelerate to blow out the leaked gas by using of fans or other hand tool to force air to be disturbed and gas to be dispersed.
e. If gas leakage from gas appliances or pipelines continueously, all people in the house should be evacuated immediately and dial local town gas company ,and 119 fire department for help.
f. If the situation of gas leakage is not serious, you can block the leak with some stuff (like tape, rag, clay ,etc ) so that the leakage can be stopped temporally .
g. Keep alert and prohibit any fire-sources (match, light switches, smoking, and etc.). And do not try to use the gas appliance before the situation be restored.
(2)   Incase of fire occurred from gas leakage, What should you do?
a. Turn off all gas valves as you can.
b. To use a multi-purpose fire extinguisher,or use a wet towel to put on fire if the situation is allowable.
c. Escape immediately from the house if the situation is out of control.
d. Dial 119 for rescue.
(3)   What should you do if carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning occured?
a. Incase of CO poisoning occurred, open all the doors and windows of house immediately for fresh air ventilating.
b. Move the victim to a place where fresh air circulated and let him/her lying down on the floor calmly and covered with blanket to keep warm. Check and Remove dentures from his/her mouth.
c. Apply artificial respiration, CPR or provide oxygen mask as soon as possible for the victim who has difficulty in breathing or in a state of coma.
d. Call ambulance and hospitalize the victim in the first priority.

"Gas is really convenient in our daily life. No accident occurs if we use it in a right way". Natural gas is great for heating, cooking and other uses in the home. It has an excellent safety record due to the physical characteristics of the gas itself. However, accidents easily occur if we use it with an improper or a careless manner, or poor management. Therefore, residents who use gas as household fuel should know about gas safety rules, knowledge, and quick emergency response ability, Safety and Health are the most important topics today.
"Safety" is our responsibility, All of us should pay more efforts to enhance and achieve "Gas Safety".

Update: 2017-08-21
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